|Document revision date: 30 March 2001|
services: The main components of the server software.
The basic service is the server service, which allows a computer to
share network resources.
session: A link between a workstation and a server.
More than one user session can be established over a network (machine
to machine) connection. A session consists of one or more user
connections to shared resources. Contrast with
share: See shared directory,
shared printer, shared resource.
share name: The name of a shared resource.
share permissions: Information the user can specify to
control the type of access that the user or group has to all files and
directories residing on that share. See also directory
access permissions and special access
share-level security: In LAN Manager, a type of
security that limits access to each shared resource by requiring a
password. Permissions are assigned to the resource rather than to the
user. See also permissions and
shared directory: A directory to which network users
shared network directory: See shared
shared file: A file in a shared directory, accessible
to network users. See shared directory.
shared printer: A printer to which network users can
shared resource: Any device, data, or program that is
used by more than one other device or program. For the Advanced Server,
shared resources refer to any resources that are made available to
network users, such as directories, files, and printers.
SID: See security ID.
SNMP Service: A service that allows a server to report
its current status to a Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) or a
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) network.
source directory: The directory that contains the file
or files that a user intends to copy or move. Contrast with
special access permissions: A combination of
individual permissions that can be set on files and directories.
See also directory access permissions and
standalone License Server: The configuration of
software that includes the License Server without the file servers.
Contrast with file server.
standalone logon: A logon request that is not
validated by a logon server. In domains without logon security, each
logon request is granted standalone logon. In domains with logon
security, a logon request with a user name not found in the domain's
security accounts database is granted standalone logon. See
also logon security and logon
standalone server: A server that has its own (local)
user accounts database (as opposed to a domain security database) and
does not participate in logon security. See also
status bar: A line of information related to the
application in the window, usually located at the bottom of a window.
subdirectory: An entity that groups files within a
directory or subdirectory. See also directory.
syntax: The order in which a user must type a command
and the elements that follow the command. Advanced Server commands can
have the following elements: command name, parameters, qualifiers,
keywords, and values.
TCP/IP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet
Protocol. A network transport. Also a set of protocols that governs the
transport of information between computers and networks of dissimilar
types. See also transport.
time server: The computer with which other computers
on the network synchronize their system time. For Advanced Server, a
server designated to run the TimeSource service for its domain.
token: See access token.
transport: The software feature that allows OpenVMS
systems to communicate using protocols. See also
trust relationship: Links between domains that enable
pass-through authentication, in which a user has a user account in one
domain, yet can access resources in another domain.
UCS-2: See Unicode.
Unicode: An extensive character coding system designed
to support the interchange, processing, and display of the written
texts of the diverse languages of the modern world. Unicode UCS-2
provides a unique 16-bit value for every character or glyph,
independent of the platform, application, or language, and does not
require the use of complex modes or escape codes. See also
extended character sets.
Universal Naming Convention (UNC): A standard way of
representing a network path. The server name is preceded by two
backslashes and followed by one backslash and the sharename, along with
a path name; for example, \\SERVER\SHARE1\SHARE2.
Upgrade utility: An Advanced Server utility for
upgrading server information from PATHWORKS V5 for OpenVMS (LAN Manager) to PATHWORKS V6 for OpenVMS (Advanced Server).
user account: A record on a server or in a domain that
contains information about authorized users. See also
global account and local account.
user default profile: The user profile that is loaded
by a server when a user's assigned profile cannot be accessed, such as
when a user without an assigned profile logs on to the computer for the
first time, or when a user logs on to the Guest account.
user-level security: A type of security in which a
user account is set up for each user. Permissions are granted to each
user for specific resources, defining exactly what actions each user
can take with each resource. See also
permissions and share-level security.
user name: The user account name a user types when
logging on to the system.
user privilege: An OpenVMS security mechanism that
defines the type of access users have to a file or directory. See
also permissions and privilege
user profile: The set of information that describes a
user's operating environment, including workstation name, logon hours,
and default path.
user rights: Definition of the access rights that
users have to server resources.
User Rights policy: A method for managing the
assignment of rights to groups and user accounts. See also
virtual memory: Space on a hard disk that the
operating system uses as if it were actually memory.
virtual printer memory: In a PostScript printer, a
part of memory that stores font information.
WAN: Wide area network. A network configuration that
covers an extended geographical area. A WAN consists of multiple LANs.
Contrast with LAN.
Windows NT: The network operating system from
Microsoft that replaces DOS and that can act as a server as well as a
WINS: Windows Internet Name Service, a service that
registers and resolves names for NetBIOS clients on TCP/IP to dynamic
addresses assigned by the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP).
The Advanced Server can be configured as a WINS client, using a specified
WINS server for NetBIOS name resolution in a wide area network.
Contrast with DNS and
Windows NT-compatible print management: A feature of
the Advanced Server for OpenVMS (V7.3 or later) allowing administrators to manage
Advanced Server print shares from a Windows NT system. For Advanced Server for OpenVMSs
prior to V7.3, and all versions of PATHWORKS for OpenVMS (Advanced Server), print shares can only
be managed using the Advanced Server ADMINISTER user interface.
workgroup: A collection of computers that are grouped
for viewing purposes. Each workgroup is identified by a unique name.
See also domain.
workstation: A personal computer or client in the network. For example, Windows NT computers are called workstations.
|privacy and legal statement|